Throughout modern history, Ukraine has been called “Europe's breadbasket” and more than 70% of the country's total area is agricultural land. 32 million hectares of total 42 million hectares consist of arable land suitable for grain and vegetable cultivation. In addition, Ukraine has a significant amount of rich fertile black soil known as "chornozem", which represents 30% of the world's reserves.
Ukraine, with its fertile lands and suitable climatic conditions, is one of the countries with the highest production potential in the world in the field of agriculture. Approximately 55% of the country's land (34.1 million hectares) is arable land. The amount of land per capita is 0.87 hectares. During the former USSR period; The current important agricultural products of Ukraine, which meet about a quarter of grain, meat and milk production, are cereals, potatoes, sugar beets and sunflowers. At the same time, it is the largest producer of vegetable oils, especially sunflower, among the CIS countries, as it used to be.